LNG is known for its many uses.
LNG, or liquefied natural gas, is simply natural gas converted into a liquid by cooling it to -260° Fahrenheit. This process reduces its volume by a factor of more than 600 – similar to reducing the volume of a beach ball to the volume of a ping-pong ball. This allows natural gas to be transported efficiently by sea. Once it reaches the United States, LNG is unloaded from ships at import terminals where it is stored as a liquid until it is warmed back to natural gas. The natural gas is then sent through pipelines for distribution to businesses and homeowners.
Its Main Uses
Used for residential and commercial sectors’ energy needs
These days, most homes are using natural gas for their electricity needs. Natural gas is also used to fuel stoves, water heaters, clothes dryers and other household appliances. Hospitals, schools, office buildings, restaurants, stores and other commercial establishments rely on natural gas for space-heating, water-heating, cooking, air conditioning, dehumidification and on-site power generation.
Used for the industrial sector’s energy needs
Natural gas is a dominant fuel for the production of paper, metal, chemicals, petroleum, stone, clay, glass, clothing and food processing industries. Natural gas is also used as an essential raw material for many common products such as paints, fertilizer, plastics, antifreeze, dyes, photographic film and medicines.
Used for electricity generation
LNG has made itself the attractive alternative to other sources of energy, precisely because it is a clean sort of fuel. Thus, it’s not surprising that the energy sector has shifted to LNG for its source of energy and power.
Used for the transportation sector’s energy needs
LNG may also be used for transportation. For instance, in the United States alone, over 110,000 transit buses, taxi cabs, package delivery trucks and other vehicles operating in the U.S. are fueled with clean-burning natural gas, according to the Natural Gas Vehicle Association. According to the American Public Transit Association, 27 percent of all new transit bus orders in 2008 were for natural gas. According to the association, about 18 percent of U.S. transit buses run on natural gas.